A society in which all communities and people are free from family violence

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RFVP Disability Inclusion and Safety Resource Hub

Power and Control Wheels

The Disability Inclusion and Safety Resource Hub has been developed for organisations and practitioners who are working with people with disability who are experiencing or using family violence. 

The Resource Hub provides ready access to important resources that promote safety, accessibility, equity and inclusion of people with disability which can aid in reducing barriers and increasing safety.  Resources are relevant to Organisational Leaders, Specialist Family Violence and Sexual Assault Practitioners, Disability Services, Health, Family Support, Education and others.


Family violence is a pattern of behaviors used to gain or maintain power and control. The Power and Control Wheel was created by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project in Duluth, MN, and serves as a diagram of tactics that an abusive partner uses to keep their victim in a relationship. The Power and Control Wheel diagram assumes she/her pronouns for survivors and he/him pronouns for partners. However, the abusive behavior it details can happen to people of any gender or sexuality.  

The inside of the wheel makes up subtle, continual behaviors over time, while the outer ring represents physical and sexual violence. Thus, abusive actions like those depicted in the outer ring reinforce the regular use of other, more subtle methods found in the inner ring. For more information about tactics outlined in the Wheel of Violence and their meaning see link below:  

https://www.theduluthmodel.org/wheels/understanding-power-control-wheel/  

The Power and Control Wheel has been adapted to outline abusive behaviours for different people with intersectional identities and experiences. See some adaptations below: 

People with disability and Carer based violence

About this resource: Power and control wheel specific to people with disability and carer based violence.

Applying this resource: For practitioners and people experiencing family violence.

Young people

About this resource: Power and control wheel specific to teens.

Applying this resource: For practitioners and people experiencing family violence.

Culturally and linguistically diverse

About this resource: Power and control wheel specific to women who have immigrated and/or are culturally and linguistically diverse. 

The Power and Control wheel and Equality wheel are also available in languages other than English here: https://iwss.org.au/information-in-your-language-sv/

Applying this resource: For practitioners and people experiencing family violence.

LGBTIQA+

About this resource: Power and control wheel specific to LGBTIQA+ communities.

Applying this resource: For practitioners and people experiencing family violence.

Substance use and abuse

About this resource: Power and control wheel specific to substance use.

Applying this resource: For practitioners and people experiencing family violence.

Equality and non-violence

About this resource: The Wheel of Equality and Non-Violence was adapted by the National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center to recreate peaceful, harmonious communities is based on reclaiming our traditional values, belief systems and life ways. With Equality at the center of all healthy 

relationships, the Wheel of Equality and Non-violence helps outline key values that are the center of all healthy relationships. 

Applying this resource: For practitioners and people experiencing family violence.


Duluth Models – Options for implementation in practice

About this resource: This resource created by the Family Violence Disability Practice Leader Initiative in the North East Melbourne Region, provides an overview of how to utilise the Duluth Models in practice with clients.  

Applying this resource: For practitioners supporting people who have experienced family violence.

Power and Control Wheel in simplified text

About this resource: An accessible resource when working with people with disability who are using or experiencing family violence.  This resource can be used to help explain what family violence is to assist in building awareness and understanding of unacceptable and by contract acceptable behaviour towards intimate partners.   

Applying this resource: For people with disability and practitioners.   

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